Download Anesthesia and Perioperative Care for Organ Transplantation 2017 PDF

Download Anesthesia and Perioperative Care for Organ Transplantation 1st ed. 2017 Edition PDF
by Kathirvel Subramaniam (Editor), Tetsuro Sakai (Editor)

This comprehensive textbook, covering all aspects of the perioperative management of patients undergoing organ transplantation, serves as the standard reference for clinicians who care for transplant patients on a day-to-day basis as well as those who encounter organ transplantation only occasionally in their clinical practice. Anesthesia and Perioperative Care for Organ Transplantation covers transplantation of the heart, lung, liver, pancreas, and kidney, as well as multivisceral and composite tissue graft transplantations. For each kind of transplantation, the full spectrum of perioperative considerations is addressed: preoperative preparation, intraoperative anesthesia management, surgical techniques, and postoperative care. Each chapter contains evidence-based recommendations, relevant society guidelines, management algorithms, and institutional protocols as tables, flow diagrams, and figures. Photographs demonstrating surgical techniques, anesthesia procedures, and perfusion management are included. Anesthesia and Perioperative Care for Organ Transplantation is for anesthesiologists and critical care physicians; transplantation surgeons; nurse anesthetists; ICU nurses; and trainees.​​

Research on organ transplantation dates back to the eighteenth century. By the mid-twentieth century, the tireless efforts of eminent researchers and expert clinicians made solid organ transplantation a reality. Advances in immunosuppressive therapy and tissue typing processes facilitated the success of solid organ transplants. The fi rst successful kidney transplantation was performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, MA, in 1954. The first successful pancreas/kidney transplant was performed by Drs. Richard Lillehei 
and William Kelly at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis in 1966. In 1967, Dr. Thomas Starzl performed the first successful liver transplantation at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver. These successes in the field of abdominal organ transplantation were immediately followed by initiatives in thoracic organ transplantation. Dr. Norman Shumway performed the first successful human heart transplant at Stanford University Hospital in Stanford, CA, in 1968, and Dr. Bruce Reitz at the same university successfully performed the first heart-lung transplant in 1981. Dr. Joel Cooper of the Toronto Lung Transplant Group performed successful single lung and double lung transplantations for the first time at Toronto General Hospital in Toronto, Canada, in 1983 and in 1986, respectively. Transplantations of kidneys, livers, hearts, pancreases, intestines, lungs, and heart-lungs are now considered routine medical treatments for each end-stage organ dysfunction. Composite tissue transplantations, including hand and face transplants, have also become a reality. 
We could never sufficiently thank the above-mentioned innovative leaders who brought these challenging transplantations to clinical practice. At the same time, however, we are fully aware that these clinical successes were only possible with advances in the fields of perioperative medical, anesthesia, and critical care, which parallel developments in surgical care. Complexity and unique challenges in the perioperative care of patients undergoing organ transplantation demand these perioperative physicians and all the other healthcare team members have a wider and more in-depth understanding of transplantation medicine for end-stage organ diseases, including pre-transplant preparation and optimization, intraoperative surgical and 
anesthesia management, and postoperative intensive care. How to care for organ transplantation patients undergoing non-transplant surgeries is also a challenging matter for all healthcare professionals who devote themselves to transplantation medicine.

Part  I  General  Topics 
 1  Ethical  Considerations  for  Organ  Transplantation……………………………………….  3 
Aviva  L.  Katz 
 2  Prevention  of  Perioperative  Infections  in  Organ  Transplant  Recipients…………  11 
Reem  Almaghrabi ,  Cornelius  J.  Clancy ,  and  M.  Hong  Nguyen 
 3  Donation  After  Cardiac  Death……………………………………………………………………..  25 
Emily  B.  Ahmed  and  Anthony  M.  D’Alessandro 
 4  Living-Related  Organ  Transplantations……………………………………………………….  37 
Paolo  Feltracco  and  Carlo  Ori 
 5  Intensive  Care  of  the  Deceased  Multiorgan  Donor: 
One Donor, Nine Lives…………………………………………………………………………………  51 
Laveena  Munshi  and  Raghavan  Murugan 
 6  Anesthetic  Management  of  Donor  Organ  Retrieval 
in a Multiorgan Donor…………………………………………………………………………………  63 
Wendy  A.  Haft  and  Andrew  Walter  Murray 
Part  II  Lung  Transplantation 
 7  Preoperative  Evaluation  and  Preparation  for  Lung  Transplantation …………….  75 
Matthew  R.  Morrell  and  Joseph  M.  Pilewski 
 8  Bilateral  Sequential  Lung  Transplantation:  What  the  Anesthesiologist 
Needs to Know About the Surgical Approach……………………………………………….  83 
J. W.  Awori  Hayanga ,  Ernest  G.  Chan ,  Norihisa  Shigemura , 
and  Jonathan  D’Cunha 
 9  Anesthetic  Management  for  Lung  Transplantation……………………………………….  93 
Michael  L.  Boisen ,  Andréa  R.  Xavier ,  and  Kathirvel  Subramaniam 
10  Postoperative  Critical  Care  of  Lung  Transplant  Patients………………………………  111 
J.  Mauricio  Del  Rio ,  Mani  A.  Daneshmand ,  and  Matthew  G.  Hartwig 
Part  III  Heart  Transplantation 
11  Heart  Transplant  Patient  Selection  and  Preparation …………………………………….  127 
Brent  C.  Lampert  and  Ravi  Ramani 
12  Surgical  Techniques  of  Heart  Transplantation  and  Heart–Lung 
Transplantation …………………………………………………………………………………………..  137 
Arie  Blitz 
xvi
13  Anesthetic  Management  of  Cardiac  Transplantation…………………………………….  163 
Shiva  Sale  and  Anand  Lakshminarasimhachar 
14  Postoperative  Care  of  Heart  Transplant  Patients………………………………………….  183 
Sara  Jane  Allen  and  David  Sidebotham 
Part  IV  Special  Considerations  for  Thoracic  Transplantation 
15  Perioperative  Management  of  Pulmonary  Hypertension ………………………………  197 
Soheyla  Nazarnia 
16  Extracorporeal  Life  Support  Following  Thoracic  Organ  Transplantation……..  217 
David  Sidebotham 
17  Perfusion  Management  for  Thoracic  Transplantation  Surgery ……………………..  233 
Justin  N.  Tawil ,  Sarah  Zygmuncik ,  and  Kathirvel  Subramaniam 
18  Anesthesia  for  Noncardiac  Surgery  Following  Thoracic 
Organ Transplantation………………………………………………………………………………..  249 
Joshua  S.  Baisden 
Part  V  Kidney  and  Pancreas  Transplantation 
19  Kidney  Transplantation:  Overview………………………………………………………………  263 
Ebube  Bakosi ,  Emily  Bakosi ,  and  Ron  Shapiro 
20  Preoperative  Recipient  Evaluation  and  Preparation  (Kidney)……………………….  275 
Elif  Cingi ,  David  S.  Beebe ,  James  Vail  Harmon  Jr ,  and  Kumar  Belani 
21  Anatomy  and  Surgical  Procedures  for  Renal  and  Pancreas 
Transplantations …………………………………………………………………………………………  281 
Vikas  Satyananda  and  Amit  D.  Tevar 
22  Anesthesia  and  Intraoperative  Management  of  Renal  Transplantation………….  287 
Hendrikus  J. M.  Lemmens  and  Jerry  Ingrande 
23  Postoperative  Care  of  Renal  Transplant  Recipients………………………………………  297 
Abhijit  S.  Naik ,  Michelle  A.  Josephson ,  and  Woojin  James  Chon 
24  Anesthetic  Management  of  Patients  Undergoing  Pancreas 
Transplantation …………………………………………………………………………………………..  309 
David  S.  Beebe ,  Elif  Cingi ,  James  Vail  Harmon  Jr ,  and  Kumar  Belani 
Part  VI  Liver  Transplantation 
25  Liver  Transplantation:  Historical  Perspective ………………………………………………  319 
Yoogoo  Kang 
26  Preoperative  Liver  Recipient  Evaluation  and  Preparation ……………………………  333 
Haq  Nawaz  and  Kapil  Chopra 
27  Anatomy  and  Surgical  Procedures  of  Liver  Transplantation…………………………  345 
Hwai-Ding  Lam  and  Abhinav  Humar 
28  Liver  Transplantation  Anesthesiology…………………………………………………………..  353 
Tetsuro  Sakai 
29  Postoperative  Care  of  the  Liver  Transplant  Recipient…………………………………..  365 
Krishna  N.  Parekh ,  Jerome  C.  Crowley ,  and  Linda  L.  Liu 
Contents
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30  Multiorgan  Transplantation  Including  the  Liver ………………………………………….  385 
Geraldine  C.  Diaz  and  John  F.  Renz 
31  General  Anesthesia  for  the  Patient  with  End-Stage  Liver  Disease 
and Post Liver Transplantation ……………………………………………………………………  395 
Alexander  Hoetzel 
Part  VII  Special  Issues  in  Liver  Transplantation 
32  Acute  Liver  Failure:  Perioperative  Management………………………………………….  411 
Shushma  Aggarwal ,  George  V.  Mazariegos ,  and  Deanna  Blisard 
33  Portopulmonary  Hypertension  and  Hepatopulmonary  Syndrome…………………  427 
Michael  Ramsay 
34  Renal  Dysfunction  in  Hepatic  Failure…………………………………………………………..  441 
Ibtesam  A.  Hilmi  and  Ali  R.  Abdullah 
35  Cirrhotic  Cardiomyopathy  and  Liver  Transplantation …………………………………  449 
Enrico  Maria  Zardi ,  Domenico  Maria  Zardi ,  Aldo  Dobrina , 
and  Antonio  Abbate 
36  Coagulation  Abnormality  and  Its  Management…………………………………………….  463 
Andre  M.  De  Wolf 
37  Simulation:  In  Anesthesia  for  Liver  Transplantation…………………………………….  477 
Shushma  Aggarwal ,  Charles  D.  Boucek ,  and  Daniela  Damian 
Part  VIII  Multivisceral  Transplantation 
38  The  Historic  Evolution  of  Intestinal  and  Multivisceral  Transplantation ………..  487 
Ahmed  Nassar ,  Masato  Fujiki ,  Ajai  Khanna ,  Koji  Hashimoto , 
Cristiano  Quintini ,  Guilherme  Costa ,  and  Kareem  Abu-Elmagd 
39  Technical  Innovation  and  Visceral  Transplantation………………………………………  497 
Masato  Fujiki ,  Koji  Hashimoto ,  Ajai  Khanna ,  Cristiano  Quintini , 
Guilherme  Costa ,  and  Kareem  Abu-Elmagd 
40  Preoperative  Recipient  Evaluation  for  Visceral 
(Intestine, Intestine/Liver, Multivisceral) Transplantation…………………………….  513 
Hiroshi  Sogawa 
41  Anesthesia  for  Multivisceral  Transplantation……………………………………………….  517 
Edward  Gologorsky  and  Kyota  Fukazawa 
42  Multivisceral  Transplantation:  Intraoperative  Vascular  Access  Strategy……….  525 
Charles  D.  Boucek 
43  Postoperative  Management  for  Visceral  (Intestine,  Intestine/Liver, 
and Multivisceral) Transplantation………………………………………………………………  531 
Hiroshi  Sogawa 
Part  IX  Composite  Tissue  Graft  Transplantation 
44  Reconstructive  Transplantation:  Evolution,  Experience,  Ethics, 
and Emerging Concepts ………………………………………………………………………………  539 
Vijay  S.  Gorantla ,  Jan  A.  Plock ,  and  Michael  R.  Davis 
Contents
xviii
45  Reconstructive  Transplantation:  Program,  Patient,  Protocol,  Policy, 
and Payer Considerations ……………………………………………………………………………  553 
Vijay  S.  Gorantla ,  Jan  A.  Plock ,  and  Michael  R.  Davis 
46  Anesthesia  for  Composite  Tissue  Allografts ………………………………………………….  561 
Raymond  M.  Planinsic 
47  Postoperative  Management  of  Composite  Tissue  Graft  Transplantation………..  565 
Ayan  Sen ,  Rula  Al-Baghdadi ,  and  Ali  Al-Khafaji 
Index………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….  571

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